Vascular disease is any disease process that affects the vessels running throughout your cardiovascular system. These generally consist of arteries, veins, and the very small vessels known as capillaries. Each vessel carries blood; some away from the heart and others to the heart. There are numerous types of vascular disease, but one that may be most familiar to you is venous disease. To learn more, call Rejuveination today, conveniently located in Cincinnati.
Venous disease affects the veins rather than the arteries. Veins are different from their counterparts in that they return blood to the heart and have slightly different vessel walls. Whereas arteries are thick and muscular, veins are thinner. Veins also have valves that are designed to prevent blood from flowing backward. This is very important in helping the blood get back to your heart and in preventing venous pooling.
In some instances, the veins may not do what they are designed to do. Many times, the valves become diseased and do not close properly, allowing blood to pool, particularly in the extremities, such as the feet and legs. Symptoms are most severe with lack of movement because there are no muscular contractions to force the blood back to the heart. This can lead to several symptoms that may be the first way you are alerted to having vascular disease.
You may notice visible veins, especially in your lower extremities. The two most common problems include spider veins, which look like tiny red or purple spiderwebs, and varicose veins, which are much larger. Whereas spider veins mainly cause cosmetic issues, varicose veins can cause medical issues. Varicose veins are often purple or blue and look like twisted, bunched-up ropes.
Varicose veins often cause pain in the extremities, including the feet, ankles, and calves. Your legs may ache or throb especially when you are standing. You may also experience frequent leg cramps or a tight, constricted feeling in your calves.
Your skin may become itchy and may peel. In severe scenarios, you may develop skin ulcers, which are open wounds in your legs or feet. Affected skin may appear thicker and may turn a dark red or purple color.
Swelling is a common symptom of venous insufficiency and vascular disease. As the blood pools in the lowest part of your body, you may see frequent ankle and foot swelling.
As vascular disease progresses, you may feel weaker and may have trouble standing for long periods.
If you have experienced any of these symptoms, you may be dealing with vascular disease. We have several options for treating these symptoms and for removing or repairing problematic veins. Give Rejuveination a call today to learn more.